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    One COVID vaccine to rule them all? What you need to know about the Army vaccine



    The Military’s COVID vaccine has proven success in primates and is now being examined on people.

    Marcy Sanchez/US Military

    For essentially the most up-to-date information and details about the coronavirus pandemic, go to the WHO and CDC web sites.

    There is a new COVID-19 vaccine and shock, it is not from Pfizer, Moderna or any pharmaceutical firm. The US Military has introduced early outcomes for a vaccine developed by the Walter Reed Military Institute of Analysis that features protection in opposition to the now dominant omicron variant of COVID-19 — a pressure causing breakthrough infections in individuals who have acquired two vaccine pictures or extra.

    Vaccines have been confirmed extremely efficient at stopping critical sickness and loss of life from COVID-19. Current Jan. 5 knowledge from Washington state reveals that individuals over 65 are 13 instances extra more likely to be hospitalized and 15 instances extra more likely to die from COVID-19 in contrast with these over 65 who acquired two doses of the Moderna or Pfizer vaccines or one dose of the Johnson & Johnson.

    Because the omicron variant surges around the globe and outbreaks among the many “fully vaccinated” depart governments and medical consultants scrambling, an efficient Military vaccine for current and future COVID-19 variants might develop into a pandemic-changing answer for stopping reinfection from coronavirus mutations.

    The Military is not solely gunning for COVID-19. Scientists are designing the vaccine to be adaptable for all viruses within the coronavirus household, future and previous, together with SARS, a virus that contaminated greater than 8,000 individuals throughout its final outbreak in 2003. 

    We’ll share what we all know concerning the Military’s COVID-19 vaccine, together with the way it works and when it might develop into accessible. This is the present standing on federal vaccine mandates, what we learn about omicron today and seven mask myths placing individuals in danger right now.

    The three vaccines approved proper now to be used within the US take two approaches to defending in opposition to COVID-19 an infection. The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines use mRNA to construct up immunity in opposition to the illness, and the Johnson & Johnson vaccine makes use of a innocent virus (not the one which causes COVID-19) to coach the physique’s immune system to reply to COVID.

    The US Military vaccine — formally named the Spike Ferritin Nanoparticle (or SpFN) COVID-19 vaccine — takes a 3rd strategy, utilizing a innocent portion of the COVID-19 virus to spur the physique’s safety in opposition to COVID.

    The Military’s vaccine additionally has much less restrictive storage and dealing with necessities than the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines, permitting it for use in a greater variety of conditions. The Military’s vaccine might be saved in a fridge between 36 levels Fahrenheit and 46 F for as much as six months and at room temperature for as much as one month, according to military scientists. Pfizer’s vaccine requires an ultra-cold freezer (between 130 levels F and -76 F) for cargo and storage and is stable for 31 days when saved in a fridge.

    The vaccine has been examined with two pictures, 28 days aside, and likewise with a 3rd shot after 6 months.

    The vaccines from Moderna, Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson all goal the particular virus — SARS-CoV-2 — that causes COVID-19. Military scientists are going broader and designed their vaccine to be “pan-coronavirus,” that means they plan to make use of it in opposition to quite a lot of coronaviruses, together with new strains of the virus as they emerge.

    Dr. Kayvon Modjarrad, founding director of the Rising Infectious Illnesses Department on the Walter Reed Military Institute of Analysis, instructed the Army Times, “We have now designed and positioned this platform as the subsequent technology vaccine, one which paves the way in which for a common vaccine to guard in opposition to not solely the present virus, but additionally counter future variants, stopping them of their tracks earlier than they’ll trigger one other pandemic.”

    Although the Military’s vaccine hasn’t been immediately examined on the omicron variant, scientists engaged on the vaccine mentioned its safety has proven promise in opposition to omicron within the lab utilizing human trial samples.

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    No date has been set. The vaccine is now going through clinical trials to determine how safe and effective it is. Normally, completing all three phases of a clinical trial can take three to five years, but the urgency of the COVID-19 pandemic could speed up the process. The existing COVID vaccines authorized by the Food and Drug Administration were tested, reviewed and authorized in the course of one year. 

    After the data from the Phase 1 human trials is formally collected, analyzed and published, the Phase 2 and Phase 3 trials will begin. There is very little information so far on when or how those trials will proceed or if the phases will overlap.

    To follow the progress of the Army vaccine trials, visit the SpFN COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker provided by the US Army Medical Research and Development Command.

    For more on COVID-19, here’s what we know about how the CDC defines being fully vaccinated, how to store your vaccine card on your phone, and what we still don’t know about the virus after two years.

    The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

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