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    Health Security: a new focus in National Security Policy 2022



    By Misbah ur Rehman

    The Prime Minister, Imran Khan, on 14th of January 2022, initiated the primary Nationwide Safety Coverage of Pakistan. The coverage doc contains each facet of nationwide and human safety and has additionally offered totally different coverage choices, statements and challenges on problems with nationwide curiosity. An in depth research of the doc tells concerning the stage of arduous work put in to provide the affordable framework to it. All of the stakeholders and staff concerned within the making means of this Nationwide Safety Coverage deserve appreciation for this piece of labor.

    It’s certainly an enormous initiative as a result of this coverage doc is the very first in nature that has put the residents on the core of improvement of nationwide coverage. The Nationwide Safety Coverage doc is separated into eight elements.

    First part incorporates the conceptual components of Nationwide Safety of Pakistan. Desired targets and objectives together with six thematic sections of the coverage are talked about within the part II of doc. Nationwide Cohesion is talked about in part III, with particular emphasis on the preservation of tradition and beliefs, therefore making the general public service extra centered on responding to citizen wants. Whereas training, particularly commerce, power, financial safety, and rising applied sciences are talked about in part IV. House and Cyber safety, deterrence, protection, territorial integrity are talked about in part V, together with the coverage pointers.

    Part VI, talks concerning the Inside Safety and threats of terrorism, organized crime, extremism and nationalism. Pakistan’s total strategy in direction of diplomacy, bilateral relations and multilateral relations, and world alignments are mentioned below International Coverage module in part VII. Whereas, part VIII is all about “Human Safety”, that features migration and inhabitants, local weather and water safety, well being safety, meals safety and gender equality.

    Therefore, the coverage doc offers an in depth framework of all of the Nationwide Safety issues which can be to be achieved by the federal government within the coming 5 years.

    A exceptional shift has introduced in by the coverage makers, which is of significant significance, i.e. a shift from geo-strategic to geo-economics, state centric to citizen centric, reactiveness to effectiveness, one single entity to complete authorities strategy and from cellar to inclusiveness.

    For now, we might solely concentrate on the all-time ignored, human safety area that this safety coverage doc has make clear. Well being of the inhabitants depends upon the state’s well being, political, financial, environmental, communal, meals and safety insurance policies. When ailments cross the borders and have an effect on a lot of society, leaving the system helpless, then well being turns into the matter of Nationwide Safety. Subsequently, the difficulty wants a healthful strategy to be handled. Pakistan responded in the identical method, when the nation was hit by COVID-19, by the quick formation of the Nationwide Coordination Committee and Nationwide Command and Management Committee.

    These vital steps resulted in exceptional outcomes, particularly when our strategic capability and well being methods are in comparison with the opposite nicely developed nations. Twenty first century may be rightly mentioned as century of virus, from polio to HIV/ AIDS to Ebola to Zika to SARS to MARS after which lastly COVID-19, the viruses have affected the humanity at giant in all elements of the world, and shook not solely well being sectors however nationwide safety and financial system of the states like United States and China.

    Complete world is the attention witness of the catastrophe Coronavirus has triggered to most developed well being methods like Germany, Italy, and america. However, this virus is certainly not the primary or the final one.

    One other main problem confronted by well being safety is frequent mutation of viruses, different zoonotic ailments and rise in drug resistance amongst people. Whereas, menace of organic and chemical warfare and bio-terrorism pose a best menace to the peace of world. Globalization poses one other main menace to the well being safety of the globe, the place a illness or virus from one nook of the world, can journey to a different a part of the world in simply no time.

    The coverage paper highlights some generic statements concerning Sehat playing cards, vitamin and COVID-19 security protocols. The paper additionally briefly factors out well being safety of residents with a concentrate on enhancement of nationwide capability for well being emergency response and surveillance. However, the doc lacked the essential Nationwide pointers, that are essentially required for the event of infrastructure of a safe well being system in Pakistan. Not many measures to make sure the event of immediate response and preparedness have been taken regardless of the current challenges posed by pandemic.

    Pakistan was scored at 48.3 % in a World Well being Group Joint exterior analysis report on Pakistan’s Well being Safety of the 12 months 2018. The present state of affairs of the nation is extra pro-virus than anti-virus, on account of which future viruses may be extra disastrous.

    Maintaining in view all these loopholes, the well being ministry of Pakistan ought to design a complete nationwide well being safety format together with a recommended mechanism for its easy implementation. A targeted particular person for World Well being Safety must also be notified and the World well being safety agenda to be straight and exact. Threat mitigation methods must also be developed together with thorough threat evaluation to develop the graceful implementation of Nationwide safety coverage paperwork.

    This coverage has set a brand new benchmark and depicts an out of the field considering and fills nationwide psychological and non secular vacuum, which is far wanted for the state to realize its true objectives.

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